In DevOps stack we may require to use various tools at different phases to automate tasks. Traditionally we use Ant and Maven for build purpose and it will come with XML configuration to use in the project. For that, we need to prepare required project files in XML format and we will push it using Ant or Maven to generate builds. Now, when Gradle came into the picture the traditional system got changed. First, we will go through what is Gradle? Gradle is a DevOps tool that automates build tasks in an efficient way the simple way we can say that Gradle is a build automation tool.
Gradle uses its own language to automate all these tasks that language is called Domain-specific Language. DSL is written in groovy first after that they released it with kotlin as well. Basically, Gradle was written in Java and uses these two languages as DSL. Gradle is having Libraries and plugins which includes groovy and others to integrate and manage other DevOps tools like Jenkins.
Suppose I want to run Gradle build from Jenkins environment we can use these plugins and we can start working on that.
Gradle is having its unique procedure when it comes to building automation that is it will take dependencies automatically based its task and execution instructions. For that, it is predefined with its inbuilt libraries to adapt to the environment. Gradle uses incremental processes while executing the builds like Suppose I have 100 builds and it uses incremental builds to finish my task so it saves my time and work. It is very fast in the shipping of builds. It supports multiple IDE’s like Eclipse and NetBeans and etc. Gradle supports macOS, Windows, Linux to perform its tasks.